To prevent paralysis of the World Trade Organization (WTO), the European Union has called on the United States to join talks about how to reform it.

So far, proposals for reform have been rejected by US President Donald Trump.

“Lots of countries in the world are backing this. So please come, sit down and talk to us. That they haven’t done so far. Will that happen? Who knows,” EU Trade Commissioner Cecilia Malmstrom told reporters on the side-lines of a trade conference in Brussels.

As reported by the Reuters news agency, the WTO is scrambling to develop a plan for the biggest reform in its almost 24-year history after Trump brought the world’s top trade court to the brink of collapse by blocking appointments of its judges and threatening a US withdrawal.

The EU is caught between the competing interests of the US and China, currently engaged in a multi-billion-dollar tariff conflict.

The EU’s trilateral talks with Japan and the US have focused on a joint desire to change WTO rules to clamp down on market distortions, such as subsidies for state-owned firms and forced technology transfer, with China the clear target.

“If we don’t reform this in the WTO – and we do not expect China to just sign on the dotted line here and agree, but to engage – there will be others setting a level playing field outside the WTO and I’m not sure that is beneficial for China or the rest of the world,” Malmstrom said.

Washington, said Malmstrom, was at least taking part in discussion on this aspect of WTO reform.

“It is constructive. They are not pretending. I think they think it’s meaningful,” she said, adding that trying to force China to change through a trade war with massive tariffs would not work.

Malmstrom expressed hope that the G20 summit in Argentina on November 30 and December 1, when Trump and Chinese President Xi Jinping are to meet, would ease global trade tensions.

“It would be good for the whole world if they de-escalated a little bit,” she said.

“Then somehow it will have to be, possibly not in Buenos Aires but at some time, they will have to negotiate some way forward and we might not like those results, but I can’t speculate on that.”