A controversial European Union directive, backed by artists and news agencies, will be put to a vote on September 12. Critics warn the new rules could destroy the internet.

The European Parliament will vote on a proposed update of the EU Copyright Directive, following two years of debate. Attention is particularly focused on Article 11, which enhances rules covering payments to publishers when digital platforms reproduce articles, or parts of articles, and Article 13, which addresses the liability of platforms hosting copyrighted works such as music.

As reported by The Guardian, the debate has drawn the likes of Paul McCartney, Plácido Domingo and the Vienna Philharmonic, as well as pioneers of the internet from Tim Berners-Lee to the founder of Wikipedia, Jimmy Wales.

Among the latest to mobilise in favour were 165 film-makers and screenwriters, including the British director Mike Leigh, who launched an appeal at the Venice film festival last week calling on EU lawmakers to pass the law. In July McCartney pressed MEPs to stop tech firms exploiting musicians.

One of the most hotly disputed sections is article 11, which would require internet companies to pay newspapers, magazines and agencies for posting “snippets” of their work – for example, the headline, picture and text bundles on Facebook feeds and Google News.

The other contested point is article 13, which would make platforms such as YouTube liable for copyrighted material, requiring them to have agreements with rights holders of music and film.

Internet platforms, increasingly known in Brussels as “Gafa” (Google, Apple, Facebook, Amazon), insist they are not opposed to copyright reform, but contend that the plans on the drawing board will destroy the internet by requiring them to have censorship filters to check for copyright violations,” reported The Guardian.