An article written by the leader of Germany’s far-right Alternative für Deutschland party has been criticised by historians for its “striking parallels” to the words of Adolf Hitler.

Alexander Gauland’s opinion piece in the conservative daily Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung attacked a “globalised class” that he said was detached from the lives of ordinary people and threatened German and European identity.

As reported by The Guardian, historians specialising in the Nazi era were quick to jump on the column, saying it was written in a very similar style to an address Hitler gave to the workers of Siemensstadt in Berlin in November 1933, when he took aim at a “small, rootless, international clique”.

Gauland wrote that members of the “globalised class” held positions in mainstream organisations, including academia, the media, international corporations, NGOs and politics. They live, he wrote, “almost exclusively in big cities, speak fluent English, and when they move from Berlin to London or Singapore for jobs, they find similar flats, houses, restaurants, shops and private schools everywhere”. He said members of the group socialised only among themselves, were “culturally colourful” and had no attachment to their homelands.

In Hitler’s speech, he talked of the “clique” as being “people who are at home both nowhere and everywhere, who do not have anywhere a soil on which they have grown up, but who live in Berlin today, in Brussels tomorrow, Paris the day after that, and then again in Prague or Vienna or London, and who feel at home everywhere”. His speech was met by cries of “the Jews” from the audience.

Wolfgang Benz, a historian and respected researcher on antisemitism, told Der Tagesspiegel that Gauland had clearly paraphrased Hitler.

“It’s a paraphrase that looks as if the AfD head had the Führer’s speech from 1933 on his desk when he was writing his column for the FAZ [Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung],” Benz wrote in Der Tagesspiegel.

Michael Wolffsohn, another historian, said: “It is awful that Gauland is signalling to his educated followers that he knows the speech and style of Hitler”.

According to The Guardian, Gauland has denied the accusations.